The Patterns of Civil-Military Relations: The Western Standards and Turkey’s Experience
What about civil-military relations in Turkey? July 15 and beyond...
The western-centered international society operates with fundamental norms such as respect for human dignity and human rights, freedom, democracy, equality, and the rule of law. These are the norms that, not expressing “what is” in the global system; however, constitute the keywords of the league to which the actors belong to. Today, almost all states form their own western-centered leagues by reproducing discourses and actions in line with the aforementioned principles, whether they believe or not.
Among all these values, democracy is the cornerstone of the international society, which according to a short definition of Abraham Lincoln is the government of the people, by the people, for the people. Democracy can be defined as the ability of people to choose their political leaders in one of its simplest forms in the context of civil-military relations. However, the history shows that the military actors could always intervene with the people’s choice without any legal justification.
The tensions in civil-military relations cause a paradox. This paradox starts with the possibility of the armed forces obliged to protect the society to turn into a threat for the same society when they are overpowered. So how will the coup,causing the collapse of the legitimate political power be prevented? In other words, as the Roman poet Juenyan said, who will guard the guardians?
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